Casting Welding Application | Isso Mak
Cast welding is a process used to join two or more metal parts by melting the material at the joint and allowing it to solidify. It is one of the most common metal fabrication methods and is widely used in various industries such as construction, automotive, aerospace and manufacturing.
Some information about casting welding process;
  • Basic Principle: Cast welding involves heating metal parts to their melting point and adding (in some cases) a filler material to create a molten pool. As the pool solidifies, it creates a strong bond between the parts, creating a welded joint.
  • Heat Source: There are different heat sources used in casting welding:
    • Gas Flames: Traditional welding methods, such as oxyacetylene welding, use a mixture of gases (oxygen and acetylene) to produce a high-temperature flame to melt metals.
    • Electric Arc: The most common welding method today is arc welding, which uses the electric arc produced between an electrode and the workpiece to generate the required heat.
    • Laser or Electron Beam: These advanced techniques use highly focused laser beams or electron beams to melt metal, offering precise control and high welding speeds.
  • Filler: In some cases, a filler material is added to the weld joint to provide additional strength or improve the properties of the weld. The filler material is typically a metal alloy with a lower melting point than base metals. It is added to the molten pool and mixes with the base metals to form a strong bond upon solidification.
  • Joint Preparation: Prior to welding, metal parts must be properly prepared to ensure a successful weld. This includes cleaning surfaces to remove dirt, rust or any contaminants that could affect weld quality. Connection configurations such as butt joint, lap joint or corner joint are also prepared according to specific welding requirements.
  • Welding Techniques: Various techniques are used in casting welding, depending on the type of joint and the material used. Some common techniques include:
    • Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW): Also known as stick welding, it uses a flux-coated consumable electrode to create an arc and deposit filler material.
    • Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW): Also known as MIG/MAG welding, it uses a continuous wire electrode and shielding gas to protect the weld pool from atmospheric contamination.
    • Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW): Also known as TIG welding, it uses a non-consumable tungsten electrode and a shielding gas. Filling material is also added if necessary.
    • Cored Core Arc Welding (FCAW): Similar to GMAW, but instead of a solid wire electrode, it uses a tubular electrode filled with flux or a combination of flux and filler material.
  • Post-Welding Operations: Additional operations can be performed to ensure weld integrity after welding. These may include grinding, polishing, heat treatment, or inspections such as non-destructive testing (NDT) methods to check for any defects or weaknesses in the weld.